Institutional racism historically in North America was often done by White or European colonists toward Indigenous and Black people.
An example of institutional racism done by the White colonial Canadian government would be the residential schools and the federal laws that compelled and forced Indigenous people to send their children to those schools.
However, interpersonal racism was and is still done by any person, community, and by any ethnic group toward a person with a differently outward appearing race.
With that said, in Canada, racist behaviour has been done by anyone of whatever race to anyone else of any visible differing race.
I can name a straight forward example:
I was in the parking lot that’s behind the Allin Clinic in downtown Edmonton, Alberta, and I was trying to pay for parking my car.
I was approached and asked for coined money (you know, change) by an Indigenous lady.
I said ‘No’ because 1) I actually had no coins, and 2) I don’t give money when asked in the parking lot and on any street in downtown Edmonton.
Across the parking lot, and on the sidewalk, an Indigenous man then yelled at me, saying, “This is her land, you stole this land from her. You don’t give her any money, but you stole this land from her.”
That man targeted me for my perceived race (European descent), and then made an interpersonal racist accusation against me because of my perceived ethnicity.
Interpersonal racist behaviour is the above personal story.
It’s done by Indigenous, Black and White Canadians to each other simply because, well, it’s what humans do to each other whenever humans want to be an “us” versus a “them”.
Anyway, in the 2010s, there have been several Indo-Canadian (South Asians) and Black Canadian students at the University of Toronto, Ryerson University, or working in the GTA of Toronto, who publicly insist that they cannot be racist towards White students.
But being blind toward your own unconscious bias and also in denial about your sectarian and segregated behaviour towards people of a light or White skin colour still makes you racist.
I like South Asians. I never avoid them. And why would I? I would be racist if I did.
Also, while at a university or college campus, I had never asked for a safe space and for public meetings to be created exclusively for visibly White or Caucasian students. If I did that I would be viewed by the students of colour as racist.
However, in the 2010s, there have been several Indo-Canadian students and Black students who believe and have repeatedly publicly insisted that perceptibly White students should be excluded from their safe spaces, and also from their public meetings simply because the White students are assumed to have never experienced racism, which is either interpersonal racism or systemic institutional racism.
Yeah right. My one personal story (and there is more) isn’t an experience of racism?
It’s not an experience of being racialized?
It’s only an experience of interpersonal racism?
Interpersonal racism is not racism when compared to institutional racism?
This interpersonal racism should be dismissed?
For certain, my interpersonal experience wasn’t an experience of systemic racism historically experienced by Indigenous, Black, South Asia and Asian Canadians.
I know it was never an experience of systemic racism.
But then again…
What’s the harmful irony?
The chapter of the Black Liberation Collective at the U of T wants systemic racism in place at the university, as free education, but to serve Indo-Canadian & Black students while excluding White students.
Another way put:
Implement systemic racism at a Canadian university and make it systemically favour students of colour by the opportunity of free post-secondary education for only them.